assert.throws()

version added: 1.0

throws( blockFn[, expectedMatcher][, message ] )
raises( blockFn[, expectedMatcher][, message ] )

Test if a callback throws an exception, and optionally compare the thrown error.

name description
blockFn (function) Function to execute
expectedMatcher Expected error matcher
message (string) A short description of the assertion

Description

When testing code that is expected to throw an exception based on a specific set of circumstances, use assert.throws() to catch the error object for testing and comparison.

The expectedMatcher argument can be:

In very few environments, like Closure Compiler, throws may cause an error. There you can use assert.raises. It has the same signature and behaviour, just a different name.

Changelog
QUnit 2.12 Added support for arrow functions as expectedMatcher callback function.
QUnit 1.9 assert.raises() was renamed to assert.throws().
The assert.raises() method remains supported as an alias.

Examples

QUnit.test( "throws example", assert => {

  // simple check
  assert.throws( function() {
    throw new Error( "boo" );
  });

  // simple check
  assert.throws(
    function() {
      throw new Error( "boo" );
    },
    "optional description here"
  );

  // match pattern on actual error
  assert.throws(
    function() {
      throw new Error( "some error" );
    },
    /some error/,
    "optional description here"
  );

  // using a custom error constructor
  function CustomError( message ) {
    this.message = message;
  }
  CustomError.prototype.toString = function() {
    return this.message;
  };

  // actual error is an instance of the expected constructor
  assert.throws(
    function() {
      throw new CustomError( "some error" );
    },
    CustomError
  );

  // actual error has strictly equal `constructor`, `name` and `message` properties
  // of the expected error object
  assert.throws(
    function() {
      throw new CustomError( "some error" );
    },
    new CustomError( "some error" )
  );

  // custom validation arrow function
  assert.throws(
    function() {
      throw new CustomError( "some error" );
    },
    ( err ) => err.toString() === "some error"
  );

  // custom validation function
  assert.throws(
    function() {
      throw new CustomError( "some error" );
    },
    function( err ) {
      return err.toString() === "some error";
    }
  );
});